What is hayfever?
Known as allergic rhinitis, this seasonal allergy is very common and for some, extremely unpleasant. Sufferers experience itchy eyes and nose and a watery nasal discharge. Inhaled allergens such as pollen set off a histamine reaction making life can very difficult over the summer months with a choice between constant anti-histamines or avoiding your neighbour’s barbecue and staying indoors!
Who does it affect?
Frequently starting in childhood, it can start at any age, sometimes even coming and going over the years. Moving house to a new area with different local flora can cause allergies to go away naturally. As in all things, stress can trigger onset and severity. Interestingly, atopic conditions seem to go hand in hand and evidence now shows a link between increased food allergies and intolerances and hayfever. Overdoing alcohol, sugars and perhaps unwittingly food allergens can mean that if you’re stressed out, reaching for comfort foods and overdoing things you might just experience your first episode of hayfever. At risk groups are known to be those who have had severe stress, a recent illness or trauma, pregnancy and those with other allergies and intolerances. Interestingly, tackling your food intolerances head on can lead to a reduction in symptoms as multiple food (and chemical) sensitivities can reduce the ability of the liver to break down chemicals and proteins in the detoxification’s normal pathways. This affects the histamine response hugely, therefore we highly recommend anyone with hayfever to identify other food intolerances or allergens to reduce the allergenic load on the body. (We offer both kinds of testing at our clinic).
How can I help myself?
Apart from tracking the pollen count and becoming a hermit with all doors and windows tightly shut, there are some practical steps you can take. Showering pollen off your skin and hair before bed can be a big help as can washing your sheets and towels on a 60 degree hot wash (non-bio!). Nasal irrigation with a neti-pot or using a saline solution to wash nasal passages can both be very helpful.
If you do find yourself staying indoors and avoiding the sunshine, remember that your vitamin D levels will be at risk so you would be wise to supplement and to have your levels checked occasionally to protect immune and bone health. Vitamin D is also important for immune balancing and especially so in those with allergies and intolerances and autoimmunity.
Are there any foods that make my symptoms better or worse?
Foods that can worsen symptoms are caffeine and alcohol and foods that contain histamine e.g., red wine, cheese, chocolate, and tomatoes. Wheat based foods can add to the inflammation for some and dairy products can increase mucus production as can sugar and excess starchy foods. Then there are those foods which are individual to you and these can be tested for via IgG Food Intolerance.
Foods that support hayfever sufferers are those that reduce inflammation. Oily fish which increases our omega 3 fatty acids is anti-inflammatory. Aim to eat at least 3-4 times a week at either breakfast, lunch or dinner. We can also supplement with this especially over the season. Incorporate ginger, rosemary and thyme into your cooking. Make teas from fresh ginger and nettle. These foods will help counteract a runny nose and itchiness.
Raw honey bought from local farms and bee keepers has been spoken about for a while and many have found taking a spoonful a day to be extremely helpful during pollen season. We stock the very popular Struan Heather Honey as recommended by Glasgow University.
Did you know that vitamin C is a natural anti-histamine? Supplementing during the season can be helpful. Most important is ensuring a rainbow diet with lots of flavonoids and a good range of nutrients. Encourage children to help you choose a wide variety of coloured fruit and vegetables when shopping at the supermarket.
Another natural anti-histamine is quercetin found in foods such as red onion, peppers and citrus. This can be supplemented but if you are on medication, please contact a Nutritional therapist as it does have some drug nutrient interactions.
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition recently published a study where they gave 173 sufferers, during hayfever season, either 2 capsules of probiotics providing 3 billion units of bacteria or a placebo in this randomised controlled placebo trial. At the end of 8 weeks those taking the probiotics had improved (less symptoms) by 68%, compared to the placebo group who reported 19% improvement. The strains of bacteria used were Lactobacillus and Bifidobacteria which are found in a range of supplements.
Pukka’s Clean Greens Superblend can be a great support to hayfever sufferers as nettles are very effective in modifying seasonal allergies. Ginger root is anti-inflammatory which will help support an itchy nose. This supplement also helps to support everyday cleansing and detoxification with it’s blend of 11 nutrient dense superfoods. Pukka’s Cleanse Tea is another easy way to take some nettle throughout the summer and it tastes lovely with a blend of nettle, fennel and peppermint.
Including mushrooms in your diet is another great way to help modulate your immune system. Mushrooms contain powerful Beta-glucans which stimulate natural killer cells to fight off invading antigens. Beta-glucans also stimulate the growth of bone marrow megakaryocytes and progenitor cells which turn into platelets, blood and immune cells. If you just can’t get over the taste or texture of them, supplementing may be a convenient way to boost your immune system in easy to take capsule form.
Does detoxing the liver help?
These days our livers are a little overwhelmed with all the extra environmental toxic exposure due to everything from pesticides to toiletries and cleaning fluids to caffeine and alcohol. Many people, as a result, notice a worsening of symptoms during periods of stress which may have them reaching for more caffeine or following a weekend of increased alcohol. Therefore giving the liver a helping hand as you go along especially over the summer months can be hugely beneficial. Dietary tips are to eat more cruciferous vegetable (cauliflower, broccoli, sprouts etc) which support your liver detox enzymes as does green tea and garlic. A great way to start the day is to have half a lemon squeezed into warm water and some grated ginger for added anti-inflammatory benefits. I used to suggest to people that buying garlic in supplement form was not as good as dietary but there is now a supplement called Allicin max which uses 100% stabilised allicin which is the active ingredient and has rapid absorption. Other well documented herbal favourites to support the liver detox pathways are milk thistle and dandelion.
Do barrier products work?
There is a really nice simple product called Hay Max which works as a barrier to pollen, dust and pet allergens before they enter the body. Very simple idea which simply works!
Is there anything I can do about excess mucus production?
Avoiding dairy certainly makes a difference but if you are doing this long term, speak to a registered Nutritional Therapist (NT) to ensure you are fully compensated for all nutrients.
You may have read that amino acid N-Acetyl Cysteine is effective at reducing mucus. It is! However, it does have some drug nutrient interactions so please speak to an NT to find out if this is appropriate for you.
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